October 2016 LIP of the Month

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly versionSend by emailSend by email

Large Igneous Provinces: Global Listing in Spreadsheet Format (version: 30 October 2016)

Richard E. Ernst

Department of Earth Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada; &

Faculty of Geology and Geography, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia

Richard.Ernst@ErnstGeosciences.com

Download: Global LIP Table 2.1 REV FINAL.XLSX

The attached spreadsheet (Excel format) is a global listing of Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). The file has been extracted and partially updated (in red font) from Table 1.2 in Ernst (2014). It includes LIPs and interpreted LIP “fragments” (Ernst, 2007) and also Silicic LIPs (SLIPS). This has been produced in response to numerous requests for a spreadsheet version. Danni Mathieson is acknowledged for her help in converting Table 1.2 in Ernst (2014) to spreadsheet format.

This spreadsheet version complements the April 2015 LIP of the Month [http://www.largeigneousprovinces.org/15apr] “Large Igneous Provinces: Updated Compilation” which provided a PDF of Figure 1.6 (Global maps showing the distributions of LIPs and SLIPs) and Table 1.2 (Tabulation of LIPs and SLIPs record), both from Ernst (2014). 

Looking forward, you can expect periodic updates of this spreadsheet.  Also plans for an ArcGIS version are proceeding [January 2015 LIP of the Month, http://www.largeigneousprovinces.org/15jan].

REFERENCES FOR ATTACHED SPREADSHEET

Ali, J.R., Fitton, J.G., & Herzberg, C. (2010). Emeishan large igneous province (SW China) and the mantle-plume up-doming hypothesis. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 167: 953–959.

Ariskin, A.A., Kostitsyn, Yu.A., et al. (2013). Geochronology of the Dovyren Intrusive Complex, Northwestern Baikal Area, Russia, in the Neoproterozoic. Geochemistry International, 51: 859–875.

Avni, Y., Segev, A., & Ginat, H. (2012). Oligocene regional denudation of the northern Afar dome: pre- and syn-breakup stages of the Afro-Arabian plate. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 124: 1871–1897.

Ayer, J., Amelin, Y., Corfu, F., et al. (2002). Evolution of the southern Abitibi greenstone belt based on U–Pb geochronology: autochthonous volcanic construction followed by plutonism, regional deformation and sedimentation. Precambrian Research, 115: 63–95.

Baragar, W.R.A., Ernst, R.E., Hulbert, L., & Peterson, T. (1996). Longitudinal petrochemical variation in the Mackenzie dyke swarm, northwestern Canadian Shield. Journal of Petrology, 37: 317–359.

Baratoux, L., Jessell, M.W., Söderlund, U., et al. (2016) Distribution and U-Pb ages of newly recognized regional-scale dyke swarms of the Leo Man craton. http://idc7.csp.escience.cn/dct/page/1, Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) v. 90, Supp.1 2016 Abstract of the Seventh International Dyke Conference (IDC7), “Dyke Swarms: Keys to Paleogeographic Reconstruction” August 18-20, 2016.

Barnes, S.-J., Van Kranendonk, M.J., & Sonntag, I. (2012). Geochemistry and tectonic setting of basalts from the Eastern Goldfields Superterrane. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 59: 707–735.

Bayanova, T., Ludden, J., & Mitrofanov, F. (2009). Timing and duration of Palaeoproterozoic

events producing ore-bearing layered intrusions of the Baltic Shield: metallogenic, petrological and geodynamic implications. London: Geological Society, Special Publication 323, pp. 165–198.

Belica, M.E., Piispa, E.J., Meert, J.G., et al. (2014). Paleoroterozoic mafic dyke swarms from the Dharwar craton; paleomagnetic poles for India from 2.37 to 1.88 Ga and rethinking the Columbia supercontinent. Precambrian Research, 244: 100–122.

Bertrand, H., Fornari, M., Marzoli, A., Garci´a-Duarte, R., & Sempere, T. (2014). The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province extends into Bolivia, Lithos, 188: 33–43.

Bleeker, W. & Hall, B. (2007). The Slave craton: geology and metallogenic evolution. In Goodfellow, W.D. (ed.), Mineral Deposits of Canada: A Synthesis of Major Deposit-Types, District Metallogeny, The Evolution of Geological Provinces, and Exploration Methods. Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division, Special Publication, Number 5, pp. 849–879.

Bogdanov, N.A. & Dobretsov, N.L. (2002). The Okhotsk volcanic oceanic plateau. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 43: 87–99.

Bogdanova, S.V., Gintov, O.B., Kurlovich, D.M., et al. (2013). Late Palaeoproterozoic mafic dyking in the Ukrainian shield of Volgo-Sarmatia caused by rotation during the assembly of supercontinent Columbia (Nuna). Lithos, 174: 196–216.

Bright, R.M., Amato, J.M., Denyszyn, S.W., & Ernst, R.E. (2014). U–Pb geochronology of 1.1 Ga diabase in the southwestern United States: testing models for the origin of a post-Grenville Large Igneous Province. Lithosphere, 6, 135–156.

Bryan, S.E. & Ferrari, L. (2013). Large Igneous Provinces and Silicic Large Igneous Provinces: progress in our understanding over the last 25 years. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125: 1053–1078.

Buchan, K.L., Mortensen, J.K., Card, K.D., & Percival, J.A. (1998). Paleomagnetism and U–Pb geochronology of diabase dyke swarms of Minto Block, Superior Province, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 35: 1054–1069.

Buchan, K.L., Ernst, R.E., Bleeker, W., et al. (2010). Proterozoic magmatic events of the Slave craton, Wopmay Orogen and environs. Geological Survey of Canada Open File, 5985.

Buchan, K.L., Mitchell, R.S., Bleeker, W., et al. (2016) Paleomagnetism of ca. 2.13–2.11 Ga Indin and ca. 1.885 Ga Ghost dyke swarms of the Slave craton: Implications for the Slave craton APW path and relative drift of Slave, Superior and Siberian cratons in the Paleoproterozoic. Precambrian Research, 275: 151-175.

Bullen, D.S., Hall, R.P., & Hanson, R.E. (2012). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of mafic sills in the 1.1 Ga Umkondo large igneous province, southern Africa. Lithos, 142–143: 116–129.

Burgess, S.D. & Bowring, S.A. (2015). High-precision geochronology confirms voluminous magmatism before, during and after Earth’s most severe extinction. Science Advances, 28, v. 1, no. 7, e1500470, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500470.

Bryan, S. (2007). Silicic large igneous provinces. Episodes, 30: 20–31.

Bryan, S.E. & Ferrari, L. (2013). Large Igneous Provinces and Silicic Large Igneous Provinces: progress in our understanding over the last 25 years. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125: 1053–1078.

Ciborowski, T.J.R., Kerr, A.C., Ernst, R.E. (2015). The Early Proterozoic Matachewan Large Igneous Province: Geochemistry, Petrogenesis, and Implications for Earth Evolution. Journal of Petrology, 56 (8): 1459-1494.

Correia, C.T., Sinigoi, S., Girardi, V.A.V., et al. (2012). The growth of large mafic intrusions: comparing Niquelândia and Ivrea igneous complexes. Lithos, 155: 167–182.

Davies, J.H.F.L. & Heaman, L.M. (2014). New U-Pb baddeleyite and zircon ages for the Scourie dyke swarm: a long-lived large igneous province with implications for the Paleoproterozoic evolution of NW Scotland. Precambrian Research, 249:  180-198.

Dessureau, G., Piper, D.J.W., & Pe-Piper, G. (2007). Geochemical evolution of earliest Carboniferous continental tholeiitic basalts along a crustal-scale shear zone, southwestern Maritimes basin, eastern Canada. Lithos, 50: 27–50.

de Kock, M.O., Ernst, R.E., Söderlund, U., et al. (2014). Dykes of the 1.11 Ga Umkondo LIP, Southern Africa: clues to a complex plumbing system. Precambrian Research, 249: 129-143.

El Bahat, A., Ikenne, M., Söderlund, U., et al. (2013). U–Pb ages of dolerite dykes in the Bas Drâa Inlier of the Anti-Atlas of Morocco: newly identified 1380 Ma event in the West African Craton. Lithos, 174: 85–98.

Eldholm, O. & Coffin, M.F. (2000). Large igneous provinces and plate tectonics. AGU Geophysical Monograph, 121: 309–326.

Eriksson, P.G., Condie, K.C., van der Westhuizen, W., et al. (2002). Late Archaean superplume events: a Kaapvaal–Pilbara perspective. Journal of Geodynamics, 34: 207–247.

Ernst, R.E. (2007). Mafic–ultramafic Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs): importance of the pre-Mesozoic record. Episodes, 30: 107–113.

Ernst, R.E. (2014). Large Igneous Provinces. Cambridge University Press, 653 p.

Ernst, R.E. & Bell, K. (2010). Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) and carbonatites. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98: 55–76.

Ernst, R.E. & Bleeker, W. (2010). Large igneous provinces (LIPs), giant dyke swarms, and mantle plumes: significance for breakup events within Canada and adjacent regions from 2.5 Ga to the Present. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 47: 695–739.

Ernst, R.E. & Buchan, K.L. (2001). Large mafic magmatic events through time and links to mantle-plume heads. In Ernst, R.E. & Buchan, K.L. (eds.), Mantle Plumes: Their Identification through Time. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 352, pp. 483–575.

Ernst, R.E. & Buchan, K.L. (2004). Igneous rock associations in Canada 3: Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) in Canada and adjacent regions: 3 Ga to Present. Geoscience Canada, 31 (3): 103–126.

Ernst, R.E. & Jowitt, S.M. (2013). Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) and Metallogeny. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, 17: 17–51.

Ernst, R.E. & Srivastava, R.K. (2008). India’s place in the Proterozoic world: constraints from the large igneous provinces (LIP) record. In Srivastava, R.K., Sivaji, Ch., & Chalapathi Rao, N.V. (eds.), Indian Dykes: Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geochronology. New Delhi, India: Narosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, pp. 41–56.

Ernst, R.E., Wingate, M.T.D., Buchan, K.L., & Li, Z.X. (2008). Global record of 1600–700 Ma Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs): implications for the reconstruction of the proposed Nuna (Columbia) and Rodinia supercontinents. Precambrian Research, 160: 159–178.

Ernst, R.E., Pereira, E., Hamilton, M.A., et al. (2013). Mesoproterozoic intraplate magmatic “barcode” record of the Angola portion of the Congo craton: newly dated magmatic events at 1500 and 1110 Ma and implications for Nuna supercontinent reconstructions. Precambrian Research, 230: 103–118.

Ernst, R.E, Hamilton, M.A., Söderlund, U., et al. (2016a). Long-lived connection between southern Siberia and northern Laurentia in the Proterozoic. Nature Geoscience, v. 9, p. 464-469.

Ernst, R.E., Okrugin, A.V., Veselovskiy, R.V., et al. (2016b). The 1501 Ma Kuonamka Large Igneous Province of northern Siberia: U-Pb geochronology, geochemistry, and links with coeval magmatism on other crustal blocks. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57: 653-671.

Evans, D.A.D., Trindade, R.I.F., Catelani, E.L., et al. (2016). Return to Rodinia? Moderate to high paleolatitude of São Francisco/Congo craton at 920 Ma:  In:  Li, Z.X., D.A.D. Evans & J.B. Murphy (eds,): Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History Geological Society of London Special Publication 424. doi:10.1144/SP424.1, p. 167-190.

French, J.E., Heaman, L.M., Chacko, T., & Srivastava, R.K. (2008). 1891–1883 Ma Southern Bastar–Cuddapah mafic igneous events, India: a newly recognized large igneous province. Precambrian Research, 160: 308–322.

French, J.E. & Heaman, L.M. (2010). Precise U–Pb dating of Paleoproterozoic mafic dyke swarms of the Dharwar craton, India: implications for the existence of the Neoarchean supercraton, Sclavia. Precambrian Research, 183: 416–441.

Gladkochub, D.P., Pisarevsky, S.A., Donskaya, T.V., et al. (2010). Proterozoic mafic magmatism in Siberian craton: an overview and implications for paleocontinental reconstruction. Precambrian Research, 183: 660–668.

Greene, A.R., Scoates, J.S., Weis, D., Katvala, E.C., Israel, S., & Nixon, G.T. (2010). The architecture of oceanic plateaus revealed by the volcanic stratigraphy of the accreted Wrangellia oceanic plateau. Geosphere, 6 (1): 47–73.

Gohl, K., Uenzelmann-Neben, G., & Grobys, N. (2011). Growth and dispersal of a Southeast African Large Igneous Province. South African Journal of Geology, 114: 379–386.

Goldberg, A.S. (2010). Dyke swarms as indicators of major extensional events in the 1.9–1.2 Ga Columbia supercontinent. Journal of Geodynamics, 50: 176–190.

Gower, C.F. & Krogh, T.E. (2002). A U–Pb geochronological review of the Proterozoic history of the eastern Grenville Province. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 39: 795–829.

Gregory, L.C., Meert, J.G., Bingen, B., Pandit, M.K., & Torsvik, T.H. (2009). Paleomagnetism and geochronology of the Malani igneous suite, NW India: implications for the configuration of Rodinia and the assembly of Gondwana. Precambrian Research, 170: 13–26.

Gumsley, A.P., de Kock, M.O., Rajesh, H.M., et al. (2013). The Hlagothi Complex: the identification of fragments from a Mesoarchaean Large Igneous Province on the Kaapvaal Craton. Lithos, 174: 333–348.

Gumsley, A.P., Bleeker, W., Chamberlain, K., et al. (2015). U-Pb TIMS and in-situ SIMS dating of baddeleyite and zircon from sub-volcanic sills of the Ongeluk Formation (Transvaal Supergroup) in the Griqualand West sub-basin, Kaapvaal Craton, with implications for Snowball Earth and the Great Oxygenation Event.  In 2015 Joint Assembly (AGU, GAC, MAC, CGU) Abstract Proceedings.pdf, p. 378-379, Montreal May 2016

Halls, H.C., Davis, D.W., Stott, G.M., Ernst, R.E., & Hamilton, M.A. (2008). The Paleoproterozoic Marathon Large Igneous Province: new evidence for a 2.1 Ga long-lived mantle plume event along the southern margin of the North American Superior Province. Precambrian Research, 162: 327–353.

Halls, H.C., Hamilton, M.A., & Denyszyn, S.W. (2011). The Melville Bugt dyke swarm of Greenland: a connection to the 1.5–1.6 Ga Fennoscandian Rapakivi Granite Province. In Srivasatava, R.K. (ed.), Keys for Geodynamic Interpretation. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 509–535.

Hanson, R.E., Crowley, J.L., Bowring, S.A., et al. (2004a). Coeval large-scale magmatism in the Kalahari and Laurentian cratons during Rodinia assembly. Science, 304: 1126–1129.

Hanson, R.E., Gose, W.A., Crowley, J.L., et al. (2004b). Paleoproterozoic intraplate magmatism and basin development on the Kaapvaal craton: age, paleomagnetism and geochemistry of ~1.93 to ~1.87 Ga post-Waterberg dolerites. South African Journal of Geology, 107: 233–254.

Hanson, R.E., Puckett Jr., R.E., Keller, G.R., et al. (2013). Intraplate magmatism related to opening of the southern Iapetus Ocean: Cambrian Wichita igneous province in the Southern Oklahoma rift zone. Lithos, 174: 57–70.

Hastie, W.W., Watkeys, M.K., & Aubourg, C. (2014). Magma flow in dyke swarms of the Karoo LIP: implications for the mantle-plume hypothesis. Gondwana Research, 25: 736–755.

He, B., Xu, Y.-G., Guan, J.-P., & Zhong, Y.-T. (2011). Reply to comment on “Paleokarst on the top of the Maokou Formation: further evidence for domal crustal uplift prior to the Emeishan flood volcanism” by Bin He, Yi-Gang Xu, Jun-Peng Guan & Yu-Ting Zhong. Lithos 119 1–9, 2010. Lithos, 125: 1009–1011.

Heaman, L.M., Easton, R.M., Hart, T.R., Hollings, P., MacDonald, C.A., & Smyk, M.C. (2007). Further refinement to the timing of Mesoproterozoic magmatism, Lake Nipigon region, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 44: 1055–108

Heydolph, K., Murphy, D.T., Geldmacher, J., et al. (2014). Plume versus plate origin for the Shatsky Rise oceanic plateau (NW Pacific): insights from Nd, Pb and Hf isotopes. Lithos, 200–201: 49–63.

Hooper, P.R., Widdowson, M., & Kelley, S. (2010). Tectonic setting and timing of the final Deccan flood basalt eruptions. Geology, 38: 839–842.

Hughes, H.S.R., McDonald, I., Goodenough, K.M., et al. (2014). Enriched lithospheric mantle keel below the Scottish margin of the North Atlantic Craton: evidence from the Palaeoproterozoic Scourie dyke swarm and mantle xenoliths. Precambrian Research, 250: 97-126.

Ingle, S. & Coffin, M.F. (2004). Impact origin for the greater Ontong Java Plateau? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 218: 123–134.

Ivanic, T.J., Wingate, M.T.D., Kirkland, C.L., van Kranendonk, M.J., & Wyche, S. (2010). Age and significance of voluminous mafic–ultramafic magmatic events in the Murchison Domain, Yilgarn Craton. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57: 597–614.

Ivanov, A.V., He, H.-Y., Yan, L.-K., et al. (2013). Siberian Traps large igneous province: evidence for two flood basalt pulses around the Permo-Triassic boundary and in the Middle Triassic, and contemporaneous granitic magmatism. Earth Science Reviews, 122: 58–76.

Jerram, D.A., Single, R.T., Hobbs, R.W., & Nelson, C.E. (2009a). Understanding the offshore flood basalt sequence using onshore volcanic facies analogues: an example from the Faroe–Shetland basin. Geological Magazine, 146: 353–367.

Jerram, D.A., Goodenough, K.M., & Troll, V.R. (2009b). Introduction: from the British Tertiary into the future – modern perspectives on the British Palaeogene and North Atlantic Igneous provinces. Geological Magazine, 146: 305–308.

Jowitt, S.M., Williamson, M.-C., & Ernst, R.E. (2014). Geochemistry of the 130 to 80 Ma Canadian High Arctic Large Igneous Province (HALIP) event and implications for Ni–Cu–PGE prospectivity. Economic Geology, 109: 281–307.

Kerr, A.C. (2014). Oceanic plateaus. In Rudnick, R. (volume ed.), The Crust (Treatise on Geochemistry, 2nd edn.). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Kirstein, L.A., Dunai, T.J., Davies, G.R., Upton, B.G.J., & Nikogosian, I.K. (2004). Helium isotope signature of lithospheric mantle xenoliths from Permo-Carboniferous magmatic province in Scotland: no evidence for a lower-mantle plume. London: Geological Society, Special Publication 223, pp. 243–25

Kiselev, A.I., Ernst, R.E., Yarmolyuk, V.V., & Egorov, K.N. (2012). Radiating rifts and dyke swarms of the middle Paleozoic Yakutsk plume of eastern Siberian craton. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 45: 1–16.

Khudoley, A.K., Prokopiev, A.V., Chamberlain, K.R., et al. (2013). Early Paleozoic mafic magmatic events on the eastern margin of the Siberian Craton. Lithos, 174: 44–56

Klausen, M.B., Söderlund, U., Olsson, J.R., et al. (2010). Petrological discrimination among Precambrian dyke swarms: eastern Kaapvaal craton (South Africa). Precambrian Research, 183: 501–522.

Klein, E.L., Almeida, M.E., Rosa-Costa, L.T. (2012). The 1.89-1.87 Ga Uatumã Silicic Large Igneous Province, northern South America. LIP of the Month, November 2012. See http://www.largeigneousprovinces.org/12nov.

Kouyaté, D., Söderlund, U., Youbi, N., et al. (2013). U–Pb baddeleyite ages of 2040 Ma, 1650 Ma and 885 Ma on dolerites in the West African Craton (Anti-Atlas inliers): possible links to break-ups of Precambrian supercontinents. Lithos, 174: 71–84.

Kulikov, V.S., Bychkova, Ya.V, Kulikova, V.V., Ernst, R. (2010). The Vetreny Poyas (Windy Belt) subprovince of southeastern Fennoscandia: An essential component of the ca. 2.5–2.4 Ga Sumian large igneous provinces. Precambrian Research, 183: 589-601.

Kullerud, K., Skjerlie, K.P., Corfu, F., & de la Rosa, J. (2006). The 2.40 Ringvassøy mafic dykes, West Troms Basement Complex,Norway: the concluding act of early Palaeoproterozoic continental breakup. Precambrian Research, 150: 183–200.

Kumar, A., Hamilton, M.A., & Halls, H.C. (2012). A Paleoproterozoic giant radiating dyke swarm in the Dharwar Craton, southern India. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13: Q02011.

Lauri, L.S., Mikkola, P., & Karinen, T. (2012). Early Paleoproterozoic felsic and mafic magmatism in the Karelian province of the Fennoscandian shield. Lithos, 151: 74-82.

Li, Z.-X., Li, X.-H., Kinny, P.D., et al. (2003). Geochronology of Neoproterozoic syn-rift magmatism in the Yangtze Craton, South China, and correlations with other continents: evidence for a mantle superplume that broke up Rodinia. Precambrian Research, 122: 85–109.

Li, Z.X., Chen, H.L., Li, X.H., Zhang, F.Q. (2014). Tectonics of the South China Block — Interpreting the Rock Record. Science Press, Beijing, 144 pp. ISBN 9787030404862.

MacHattie, T., Heaman, L., Creaser, R., Skulski, T., & Sandeman, H. (2004). Remnants of an Archean Large Igneous Province: evidence from the komatiite-bearing greenstone belts of the northern Rae domain, Nunavut, Canada. LIP of the Month, July 2004. See www.largeigneousprovinces.org/04jul.

Maier, W.D., Rasmussen, B., Fletcher, I.R., et al. (2013). The Kunene Anorthosite Complex, Namibia, and its satellite intrusions: geochemistry, geochronology and economic potential. Economic Geology, 108: 953–986

Malehmir, A., Koivisto, E., Manzi, M., et al. (2014). A review of reflection seismic investigations in three major metallogenic regions: the Kevitsa Ni–Cu–PGE district (Finland), Witwatersrand goldfields (South Africa), and the Bathurst Mining Camp (Canada). Ore Geology Reviews, 56: 423–441.

Marsh, J.S. (2006). The Dominion Group. In Johnson, M.R., Anhaeusser, C.R., & Thomas, R.J. (eds.), The Geology of South Africa. Johannesburg/Pretoria: Geological Society of South Africa/Council of Geoscience, pp. 149–154

Martin, D.McB. & Morris, P.A. (2010). Tectonic setting and regional implications of ca. 2.2 Ga mafic magmatism in the southern Hamersley Province, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57: 911–931.

Martin, A.P., Condon, D.J., Prave, A.R., et al. (2013). Dating the termination of the Palaeoproterozoic Lomagundi-Jatuli carbon isotopic event in the North Transfennoscandian Greenstone Belt. Precambrian Research, 224: 160–168.

Marzoli, A., Jourdan, F., Puffer, J.H., et al. (2011). Timing and duration of the Central Atlantic magmatic province in the Newark and Culpeper basins, eastern U.S.A. Lithos, 122: 175–188.

McClellan, E., & Gazel, E. (2014). The Cryogenian intra-continental rifting of Rodinia: evidence from the Laurentian margin in Eastern North America. Lithos, 206-207: 321-337

Meert, J.G., Pandit, M.K., & Kamenov, G.D. (2013). Further geochronological and paleomagnetic constraints on Malani (and pre-Malani) magmatism in NW India. Tectonophysics, 608: 1254–1267.

Miller, J.D. & Nicholson, S.W. (2013). Geology and mineral deposits of the Midcontinent Rift – an overview. In Miller, J.D. (ed.), Field Guide to the Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook Series 13–1. Duluth, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Minifie, M.J., Kerr, A.C., Ernst, R.E., et al. (2013). The northern and southern sections of the western ca. 1880 Ma Circum-Superior Large Igneous Province, North America: the Pickle Crow dyke connection? Lithos, 174: 217–235.

Müller, S.G., Krapež, B., Barley, M.E., & Fletcher, I.R. (2005). Giant iron-ore deposits of the Hamersley province related to the breakup of Paleoproterozic Australia: new insights from in situ SHRIMP dating of baddeleyite from mafic intrusions. Geology, 33: 577–580.

Mungall, J.E., Harvey, J.D., Balch, S.J., et al. (2010). Eagle’s Nest: a magmatic Ni–Cu–PGE deposit in the James Bay Lowlands, Ontario, Canada. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, 15: 539–557.

Murphy, J.B., van Staal, C.R., & Keppie, J.D. (1999). Middle to late Paleozoic Acadian orogeny in the northern Appalachian: a Laramide-style plume-modified orogeny? Geology, 27: 653–656.

Neumann, E.-R., Svensen, H., Galerne, C.Y., & Planke, S. (2011). Multistage evolution of dolerites in the Karoo Large Igneous Province, Central South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 52: 959–984.

Nilsson, M.K.M., Klausen, M.B., Söderlund, U., & Ernst, R.E. (2013). Precise U–Pb ages and geochemistry of Paleoproterozoicmafic dykes fromsouthernWest Greenland: linking the North Atlantic and the Dharwar Cratons. Lithos, 174: 255–270.

Olsson, J.R., Söderlund, U., Hamilton, M.A., Klausen, M.B., & Helffrich, G.R. (2011). A late Archaean radiating dyke swarm as possible clue to the origin of the Bushveld Complex. Nature Geoscience, 4: 865–869.

Olsson, J.R., Klausen, M.B., Hamilton, M.A., et al. (2016). Baddeleyite U-Pb ages and geochemistry of the 1875 -1835 Ma Black Hills Dyke Swarm across north-eastern South Africa: Part of a trans-Kalahari Craton back-arc setting?. GFF, 138: 183–202.

Pallister, J.S., Budahn, J.R., & Murchey, B.L. (1989). Pillow basalts of the Angayucham Terrane: Oceanic plateau and island crust accreted to the Brooks Range. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94: 15901–15923.

Pankhurst, R.J., Leat, P.T., Sruoga, P., et al. (1998). The Chon Aike province of Patagonia and related rocks in West Antarctica: a silicic large igneous province. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 81: 113–136.

Pankhurst, R.J., Riley, T.R., Fanning, C.M., & Kelley, S.P. (2000). Episodic silicic volcanism in Patagonia and the Antarctic Peninsula: chronology of magmatism associated with the break-up of Gondwana. Journal of Petrology, 41: 605–625.

Peng, P. (2010). Reconstruction and interpretation of giant mafic dyke swarms: a case study of 1.78 Ga magmatism in the North China craton. In Kusky, T.M., Zhai, M.-G., & Xiao, W. (eds.), The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. London: Geological Society of London, Special Publication 338, pp. 163–178.

Peng, P. (2015) Precambrian mafic dyke swarms in the North China Craton and their geological implications. Science China (Earth Sciences), 58: 649-675.

Peng, P., Zhai,M.-G., Zhang, H.-F., & Guo, J.-H. (2005). Geochronological constraints on the Paleoproterozoic evolution of the North China craton: SHRIMP zircon ages of different types of mafic dykes. International Geology Review, 47: 492–508.

Peng, P., Liu, F., Zhai, M.-G., & Guo, J.-H. (2012). Age of the Miyun dyke swarm: constraints on the maximum depositional age of the Changcheng System. Chinese Science Bulletin, 57: 105–110.

Pirajno, F. & Hoatson, D.M. (2012). A review of Australia’s large igneous provinces and associated mineral systems: implications for mantle dynamics through geological time. Ore Geology Reviews, 48: 2–54.

Polyakov, G.V., Tolstykh, N.D., Mekhonoshin, A.S., et al. (2013). Ultramafic–mafic igneous complexes of the Precambrian East Siberian metallogenic province (southern framing of the Siberian craton): age, composition, origin, and ore potential. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 54: 1319–1331.

Pradhan, V.R., Meert, J.G., Pandit, M.K., Kamenov, G., & Mondal, Md.E.A. (2012). Paleomagnetic and geochronological studies of the mafic dyke swarms of Bundelkhand craton, central India: implications for the tectonic evolution and paleogeographic reconstructions. Precambrian Research, 198–199: 51–76.

Prendergast, M.D. (2004). The Bulawayan Supergroup: a late Archaean passive margin-related large igneous province in the Zimbabwe craton. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 161: 431–445.

Puchkov, V.N., Bogdanova, S.V., Ernst, R.E., et al. (2013). The c. 1380 Ma Mashak igneous event of the Southern Urals. Lithos, 174: 109–124.

Rainbird, R.H., Stern, R.A., Khudoley, A.K., et al. (1998). U–Pb geochronology of Riphean sandstone and gabbro from southeast Siberia and its bearing on the Laurentia-Siberia connection. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 164: 409–420.

Rajesh, H.M., Chisonga, B.C., Shindo, K., Beukes, N.J., & Armstrong, R.A. (2013). Petrographic, geochemical and SHRIMPU–Pb titanite age characterization of the Thabazimbi mafic sills: extended time frame and a unifying petrogenetic model for the Bushveld Large Igneous Province. Precambrian Research, 230: 79–102.

Regan, S.P., Williams, M.L., Grohn, L.J., et al. (2016). Two transects across the Snowbird tectonic zone, western Churchill province: Exploring the continuity of the Rae-Hearne boundary and its role during the growth of Laurentia. GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, USA, 25-28 September 2016.

Reidel, S.P., Camp, V.E., Ross, M.E., et al., eds. (2013). The Columbia River Flood Basalt Province. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 497

Reis, N.J., Teixeira,W., Hamilton,M.A., et al. (2013). Avanavero mafic magmatism, a late Paleoproterozoic LIP in the Guiana Shield, Amazonian Craton: U–Pb IDTIMS baddeleyite, geochemical and paleomagnetic evidence. Lithos, 174: 175–195.

Rioux, M., Bowring, S., Dudás, F., & Hanson, R. (2010). Characterizing the U–Pb systematics of baddeleyite through chemical abrasion: application of multi-step digestion methods to baddeleyite geochronology. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 160: 777–801.

Rogers, C., Mackinder, A., Ernst, R.E., & Cousens, B. (2016). Mafic magmatism in the Belt-Purcell Basin and Wyoming Province of Western Laurentia. In:  MacLean, J. & J. Sears (eds.)  Belt Basin: Window to Proterozoic Earth: Geological Society of America Special Paper Special Paper 522, p. 243-282

Rohrman, M. (2013). Greater Exmouth LIP (NW Australia). LIP of the Month, November 2013. See http://www.largeigneousprovinces.org/13nov.

Sager, W.W., Zhang, J.C., Korenaga, J., Sano, T., et al. (2013). An immense shield volcano within the Shatsky Rise oceanic plateau, northwest Pacific Ocean. Nature Geoscience, 6: 976–981.

Said, N., Kerrich, R., Cassidy, K., & Champion, D.C. (2012). Characteristics and geodyamic setting of the 2.7 Ga Yilgarn heterogenous plume and its interaction with continental lithosphere: evidence from komatiitic basalt and basalt geochemistry of the Eastern Goldfields Superterrane. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 59: 737–763.

Salminen, J., Halls, H.C., Mertanen, S., et al. (2014). Paleomagnetic and geochronological studies on Paleoproterozoic diabase dykes of Karelia, East Finland: key for testing the Superia supercraton. Precambrian Research, 244: 87–99.

Sandeman, H.A., Heaman, L.M., & LeCheminant, A.N. (2013). The Paleoproterozoic Kaminak dykes, Hearne craton, western Churchill Province, Nunavut, Canada: preliminary constraints on their age and petrogenesis. Precambrian Research, 232: 119–139.

Shellnutt, J.G. (2014). The Emeishan large igneous province: a synthesis. Geoscience Frontiers, 5: 369–394.

Shellnutt, J.G. & MacRae, N.D. (2012). Petrogenesis of the Mesoproterozoic (1.23 Ga) Sudbury dyke swarm and its questionable relationship to plate separation. International Journal of Earth Science, 101: 3–23.

Sheth, H.C. & Vanderkluysen, L. (2014). Flood basalts of Asia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Special Issue, 84: 1–200.

Smirnov, A.V., Evans, D.A.D., Ernst, R.E., Söderlund, U., & Li, Z.X. (2013). Trading partners: tectonic ancestry of southern Africa and western Australia. Precambrian Research, 224: 11–22.

Sobolev, S.V., Sobolev, A.V., Kuzmin, D.R., et al. (2011). Linking mantle plumes, large igneous provinces and environmental catastrophes. Nature, 477: 312–316.

Söderlund, U., Hofmann, A., Klausen, M.B., et al. (2010). Towards a complete magmatic barcode for the Zimbabwe craton: baddeleyite U–Pb dating of regional dolerite dyke swarms and sill provinces. Precambrian Research, 183: 388–398.

Söderlund, U., Ibanez-Mejia, M., El Bahat, A. et al. (2013). Reply to Comment on “U–Pb baddeleyite ages and geochemistry of dolerite dykes in the Bas-Drâa Inlier of the Anti-Atlas of Morocco: newly identified 1380 Ma event in the West African Craton” by André Michard and Dominique Gasquet. Lithos, 174: 101–108.

Sproule, R.A., Lesher, C.M., Ayer, J.A., Thurston, P.C., & Herzberg, C.T. (2002). Spatial and temporal variations in the geochemistry of komatiites and komatiitic basalts in the Abitibi greenstone belt. Precambrian Research, 115: 153–186.

Stepanova, A.V., Salnikova, E.B., Samsonov, A.V. et al. (2015). The 2.31 Ga mafic dykes in the Karelian Craton, eastern Fennoscandian shield: U–Pb age, source characteristics and implications for continental break-up processes. Precambrian Research, 259: 43-57.

Storey, M., Mahoney, J.J., Saunders, A.D., et al. (1995). Timing of hot spot-related volcanism and the breakup of Madagascar and India. Science, 267: 852–855.

Storey, M., Duncan, R.A., & Tegner, C. (2007). Timing and duration of volcanism in the North Atlantic Igneous Province: implications for geodynamics and links to the Iceland hotspot. Chemical Geology, 241: 264–281.

Storey, B.C., Vaughan, A.P.M., & Riley, T.R. (2013). The links between large igneous provinces, continental break-up and environmental change: evidence reviewed from Antarctica. Transactions of the Royal Society, Edinburgh, 104: 17–30.

Svensen, H., Corfu, F., Polteau, S., Hammer, Ø., & Planke, S. (2012). Rapid magma emplacement in the Karoo Large Igneous Province. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 325–326: 1–9.

Symonds, J., Planke, S., Frey, Ø., & Skogseid, J. (1998), Volcanic evolution of the Western Australian continental margin and its implications for basin development, in Purcell, P.G., and Purcell, R.R., eds., The sedimentary basins of Western Australia 2. Proceedings of Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia Symposium, Perth, p. 33–54.

Tack, L., Wingate, M.T.D., De Waele, B., et al. (2010). The 1375 Ma Kibaran event in Central Africa: prominent emplacement of bimodal magmatism under extensional regime. Precambrian Research, 180: 63–84.

Tait, J., Straathof, G., Söderlund, U., et al. (2013). The Ahmeyim Great Dyke of Mauritania: A newly dated Archaean intrusion. Lithos, 174: 323–332.

Taylor, B. (2006). The single largest oceanic plateau: Ontong Java–Manihiki–Hikurangi. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241: 372–380.

Teixeira, W., D’Agrella-Filho, M.S., Hamilton, M.A., et al. (2013). U–Pb (IDTIMS) baddeleyite ages and paleomagnetism of 1.79 and 1.50 Ga tholeiitic dyke swarms, and position of the Rio de la Plata craton within the Columbia supercontinent. Lithos, 174: 157–174.

Teixeira, W., Hamilton, M.A., Lima, G.A., et al. (2015). Precise ID-TIMS U-Pb baddeleyite ages (1110-1112 Ma) for the Rincón del Tigre-Huanchaca large igneous province (LIP) of the Amazonian Craton: implications for the Rodinia supercontinent. Precambrian Research, 265: 273-285.

Thiede, D.S. & Vasconcelos, P.M. (2010). Paraná flood basalts: rapid extrusion hypothesis confirmed by new 40Ar/39Ar results. Geology, 38: 747–750.

Tomlinson, K.Y. & Condie, K.C. (2001). Archean mantle plumes: evidence from greenstone belt geochemistry. In Ernst, R.E. & Buchan, K.L. (eds.), Mantle Plumes: Their Identification through Time. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 352, pp. 341–357.

Upton, B.G.J.,Rämö,O.T., Heaman, L.M., et al. (2005). The Mesoproterozoic Zig-Zag Dal basalts and associated intrusions of eastern North Greenland: mantle plume–lithosphere interaction. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 149: 40–56.

van der Westhuizen, W.A., de Bruiyn, H., & Meintjes, P.G. (2006). The Ventersdorp Supergroup. In Johnson, M.R., Anhaeusser, C.R., & Thomas, R.J. (eds.), The Geology of South Africa. Johannesburg/Pretoria: Geological Society of South Africa/Council for Geoscience, pp. 187–208.

Vuollo, J. & Huhma, H. (2005). Paleoproterozoic mafic dikes in NE Finland. In Lehtinen, M., Nurmi, P.A., & Rämö, O.T. (eds.), Precambrian Geology of Finland – Key to the Evolution of the Fennoscandian Shield. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 195–236.

Wall, C.J., & Scoates, J.S. (2016) High-precision U-Pb zircon-baddeleyite dating of the J-M reef platinum group element deposit in the Stillwater Complex, Montana (USA). Economic Geology, 111: 771-782.

Wallace, P.J., Frey, F.A., Weis, D., & Coffin, M.F. (2002). Origin and evolution of the Kerguelen Plateau, Broken Ridge and Kerguelen Archipelago: editorial. Journal of Petrology, 43: 1105–1108.

Whelan, J.A., Glass, L.M., Hollis, J.A., Bleeker, W., Chamberlin, K., Soderlund, U. & Ernst, R.E. (2016). Summary of results. TIMS and SIMS U-Pb baddeleyite dating of the Oenpelli and Galiwinku dolerites. Northern Territory Geological Survey, Record.

White, R.S. & McKenzie, D. (1989). Magmatism at rift zones – the generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth and Planets, 94: 7685–7729.

Wingate, M.T.D. (1998). A palaeomagnetic test of the Kaapvaal–Pilbara (Vaalbara) connection at 2.78 Ga. South African Journal of Geology, 101: 257–274.

Xia, L.-Q., Xu, X.-Y., Li, X.-M., Ma, Z.-P., & Xia, Z.-C. (2012). Reassessment of petrogenesis of Carboniferous – Early Permian rift-related volcanic rocks in the Chinese Tianshan and its neighboring areas. Geoscience Frontiers, 3: 445–471.

Xiang, Z.Q., Li, H.K., Lu, S.N., et al. (2012). Emplacement age of the gabbro diabase dike in the Hongmen scenic region of Mount Tai, Shandong Province, North China: baddeleyite U–Pb precise dating. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 28: 2831–2842.

Xu, Y.G., Wei, X., Luo, Z.Y., Liu, H.Q., & Cao, J. (2014). The Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province: Main characteristics and a plume incubation model Lithos, 204: 20-35.

Youbi, N., Kouyaté, D., Söderlund, U., et al. (2013). The 1750 Ma Magmatic Event of the West African Craton (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Precambrian Research, 236: 106–123.

Zhai, Q.-G., Jahn, B.-M., Su, L., et al. (2013). SHRIMP zircon U–Pb geochronology, geochemistry and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic compositions of a mafic dyke swarm in the Qiangtang Terrane, northern Tibet and geodynamic implications. Lithos, 174: 28–43.

Zhang, D.-Y., Zhang, Z.-C., Santosh, M., et al. (2013). Perovskite and baddeleyite from kimberlitic intrusions in the Tarim large igneous province signal onset of an end-Carboniferous mantle plume. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 361: 238–248.

Zhang, S.-H., Zhao, Y., & Santosh, M. (2012). Mid-Mesoproterozoic bimodal magmatic rocks in the northern North China craton: implications for magmatism related to breakup of the Columbia supercontinent. Precambrian Research, 222–223: 339–367

Zhu, D.-C., Chung, S.-L., Mo, X.-X., et al. (2009). The 132 Ma Comei–Bunbury large igneous province: remnants identified in present-day southeastern Tibet and southwestern Australia, Geology, 37: 583–586.